In recent years, companies in Romania have begun to address the issue of importing non-EU workers to ensure human resources in sectors where there is a shortage of staff and risk being interrupted for this reason.
The first initiatives to recruit the labor force outside the country began to appear in Romania two or three years ago.
The reasons why Romanian employers have appealed to this strategy are diverse and include the migration of certain social categories to more developed Western countries, declining birth rates, changing demands for different jobs, changes dictated by new technologies, and the inability of the education system to fits the needs of today’s employers.
Industries in which companies have recourse to foreign workers are: HoReCa, manufacturing, light industry, agriculture, construction, services, and most foreign employees come from the Philippines, Nepal, Vietnam, India, Indonesia, Thailand, living is below that of Romania.
For the employment of foreign workers, the Romanian employers have to go through several stages: obtaining a vacancy notice, a long-stay visa and the right to live on the territory of Romania, issuing a residence permit for work or posting purposes, and obtaining the employment notice.
The latter is issued by the General Inspectorate for Immigration through its territorial formations, and the company requesting it must meet certain conditions, including no obligations to the state budget for the last quarter prior to the submission of the application or the contingent has not been exhausted annually by types of newly admitted workers on the labor market.
The benefit package for a foreign employee may include the flight ticket to Romania, a common accommodation, and in some cases a transport provided from the place of accommodation at the workplace and a flight ticket to the country of origin for a certain period of time.
Foreign workers can also benefit from an assured meal and a chef specific to their region. In order to facilitate their accommodation, employers can provide the group with a representative who speaks an international language.